coal mining is only a temporary use of land so it is vital that rehabilitation of land takes place once mining operations have stopped. in best practice a detailed rehabilitation or reclamation plan is designed and approved for each coal mine covering the period from the start of operations until well after mining has finished.
in 2008 competition was intense in the us coal mining industry with some u.s. mines approaching the end of their useful life (mine closure).  other coal-producing countries also stepped up production to win a share of traditional us export markets. coal is used primarily to generate electricity but the rapid drop in natural
beijing china-- a gas explosion has trapped 11 chinese coal miners underground in the latest in a string of deadly accidents striking the industry after 53 miners were killed in two similar
two types of coal mining. coal is mined by two methods: surface or ‘opencast’ mining or underground or ‘deep’ mining. the choice of mining method largely depends on the geology of the coal deposit. underground mining currently accounts for a bigger share of world coal production than opencast; although in several important coal producing countries surface mining is more common.
since the beginning of industrialization in the 19th century coal has had a significant impact on the world’s energy supply. to this day coal is still one of the leading energy sources among
the coal mining industry is working to improve its public image. legality of coal mining. a court in australia has cited climate change in ruling against a new coal mine. coal mining by country. the six largest countries by coal production in 2015 as determined by the us energy information agency.
the number of coal mining fatalities was under 20 for the fourth straight year after reaching exactly 20 in 2011 2012 and 2013. by comparison in 1966 the mining industry counted 233 deaths. a